当前位置: 首页 > >

2019年高考英语听力特训2(word文本)23

发布时间:

2019 年高考英语听力特训 2(word 文本)23
注意事项:认真阅读理解,结合历年的真题,总结经验,查找不足!重在审题,多思考,多 理解!
无论是单选、多选还是论述题,最重要的就是看清题意。在论述题中,问题大多具有委 婉性,尤其是历年真题部分,在给考生较大发挥空间的同时也大大增加了考试难度。考生要 认真阅读题目中提供的有限材料,明确考察要点,最大限度的挖掘材料中的有效信息,建议 考生答题时用笔将重点勾画出来,方便反复细读。只有经过仔细推敲,揣摩命题老师的意图, 积极联想知识点,分析答题角度,才能够将考点锁定,明确题意。 Lesson23
Interviewer:Hello.Myname'sHudson.DickHudson.
Applicant:I'mPamelaGable.
Interviewer:Well,takeaseat,please.MissGable— itisMiss,isn'tit?Thoughtso.Well,letmejustcheckthatI'vegottheseparticularsright. YoursurnameisGable,speltG-A-B-L-E,andyourfirstnamesarePamelaAnn...Fine.Youlivea t147CollingtonRoad,Croydon...yourtelephonenumberis2468008...youwerebornonJuly8t h,1965,and...that'saboutit...OK?Fine...Let'ssee...whatareyouworkingwithatthemom ent?
Applicant:I'mthepersonalassistanttothemanagerofamodellingagency.
Interviewer:Oh,really?Andwhatdoesthatinvolve?
Applicant:Abitofeverything,really.Ihavetokeeptheaccounts,writeafewletters,answe rthetelephone,lookafterbookingsandengagementsandthatsortofthing.
Interviewer:Youworkwithpeoplealot,doyou?
Applicant:Ohyes.Ihavetolookafterallthemodelswhoworkforus,youknow,keepthemhappy, lendanunderstandingeartotheirheartaches,youknow.
Interviewer:Haveyoueverdoneanythingtodowithhotelsorconferences— hotelmanagement,forinstance?
Applicant:No,notreally.Ididworkforashorttimeasacourierforatouroperator,takingfo reignersonguidedtoursofLondon.Perhapsthat'sthesortofthingyoumean?
Interviewer:Yes,Ithinkitis.Doyouspeakanylanguages?

Applicant:Yes,Ido.IspeakFrenchandItalian— yousee,IspentseveralyearsabroadwhenIwasyounger.
Interviewer:Oh,didyou?That'sveryinteresting.Andwhataboutanyexamsyou'vetaken?
Applicant:Well,Ileftschoolat16.Youknow,theredidn'tseemtobeanypointinstayingonso mehow;IwassureIcouldlearnmuchmorebygettingajobandabitofexperienceandindependenc e.
Interviewer:Soyouhavenoformalqualificationsatall?Isee...Well,Idon'tsupposeitmat ters.
Applicant:Um...Iwaswonderingifperhapsyoucouldtellmeabitmoreaboutthejob?Youknow, itsaidintheadthatyouwantedagoaheadgirlwithcarandimagination,butthat'snotverymuc htogoon.
Interviewer:No,itisn't.Well,werunconferences,andyourjobasconferencecoordinatorw ouldbe,well,muchthesameastheoneyouhavenow,Isuppose.Meetingpeople,transportingth emfromoneplacetoanother,makingsurethey'recomfortable,abitoftelephoning,andsoon.
Applicant:ItsoundslikejustthesortofthingIwanttodo.
Interviewer:Thereisthequestionofsalary,ofcourse.
Applicant:Well,mypresentsalaryis8,000pounds,soIcouldn'tacceptanylessthanthat.Es peciallyifIhavetousemycar.
Interviewer:Ah!Wehavesomethinglike7,500inmind,plusofcourseagenerousallowancefor thecar.Butlook,ifIwereyou,I'dtakesometimetothinkaboutthis.Perhapsyou'dcaretohav eaquicklookroundtheofficehere,seeifyoulikethelookofthepeoplewhoworkhere.
Applicant:WhatdoyouthinkIshoulddothen...?
Ann:Whendidyoudiscoverthatyouhadthistalentforhypnosis,Dr.Parker?
Dr.Parker:WhenIwasafinalyearmedicalstudent,actually.I'dbeenreadingalotaboutitan ddecidedtotryitmyselfonafewfriends,youknow—usingcertainwell-triedtechniques.
Ann:Andyouweresuccessful.
Dr.Parker:Well,yes.IwasamazedathowquicklyIwasabletodoit.
Ann:Couldyoutellmemoreaboutthesetechniques?

Dr.Parker:Certainly.MymethodhaschangedverylittlesinceIstarted.Tobeginwith,Igett hesubjecttoliecomfortablyonasofa,whichhelpstorelaxthebody.Yousee,inordertoreach aperson'smind,youhavetomakehimforgethisbodyasmuchaspossible.ThenItellhimtoconce ntrateonmyvoice.Someexpertsclaimthatthesoundofthevoiceisoneofthemostpowerfultoo lsinhypnosis.
Ann:Doyouhaveanassistantwithyou?
Dr.Parker:Yes,butonlyasasecretary.Healwayssitswellinthebackground,takingnotesan dlookingaftertherecordingequipment.ThenItellthesubjectnottothinkaboutwhatI'msay ingbutjusttoacceptit.
Ann:Don'tyouuseaswingingwatchorflashinglights?
Dr.Parker:No.AtfirstIusedtorelyonthetickingofaclock— somesaythatboring,repetitivesoundshelp— butnowIsimplygetmypatienttostareatsomeobjectintheroom.AtthispointIsuggestthathe 'sfeelingsleepyandthathisbody'sbecomingsorelaxedthathecanhardlyfeelit.
Ann:Becareful,Dr.Parker,I'mbeginningtofeelverydrowsymyself.
Dr.Parker:Don'tworry.Iwon'tmakeyoudoanythingsilly,Ipromise.
Ann:Whatyou'resaying,then,isthatyouwanttocontrolyourpatient'smind,andthattodoth isyouhavefirsttotakecareofthebody.
Dr.Parker:Yes.Yousee,theaimofthesessionistomakethepatientrememberingreatdetaila nexperiencewhichhascausedhimalotofpainandsuffering,andbydoingthattohelphimtofac ehisproblems.
Ann:I'veheardaperson'smemoryisfarmorepowerfulunderhypnosis.
Dr.Parker:Indeeditis.Someofthethingsthatpatientsareabletorememberarejustincredi ble.
Ann:Wouldyoumindgivingmeanexample?
Dr.Parker:Notatall.Duringasession,it'sstandardproceduretotakeapatientbackintime slowly,pausingatcertaintimesinhislifeandaskingafewquestions.
Ann:To,sortof,setthescenebeforeyougodeeper.Isthatwhatyoumean?
Dr.Parker:That'sitexactly.Well,once,Itookathirty-five-year-oldladybacktotheageo feight— infact,ItoldheritwashereighthbirthdayandIaskedherwhatdayitwas.Ilatercheckedacal

endarforthatyearandshewasright— itwasaTuesday.Sheeventoldmewhowasatherparty,theirnames,whattheywerewearingandab outthepresentsshereceived.Imean,canyourememberevenyourlastbirthday?
Ann:Icouldn'teventellyouwhatdaymybirthdayfellonthisyear.
Dr.Parker:Precisely.AndwhenIaskedhertowritedownheraddressatthattime,thehandwrit ingwasinaveryimmaturestyle.Ilatercomparedittoasamplefromsomeoldschoolexercisebo okshermotherhadkeptanditwasidentical.
Ann:Dr.Parker,that'sanamazingstory.
Dr.Parker:I'vetakenpatientsbacktotheirfirstyearandafewevenfurtherthanthat...but that'sanotherstory,unlessyou'vegotplentyoftime...
Thesedaysit'shardenoughtofindasuitablejob,letalonegetasfarasaninterview.Dozenso fpeopleeverydayscourtheSituationsVacantcolumnsofthepress,sendofftheircurriculum vitaeorapplicationform,andwaithopefullytobesummonedforaninterview.Nowthis,appar ently,iswherealotofpeoplefalldown,becauseoftheirinadequacyatcompletingtheirappl icationforms,accordingtoJudithDavidson,authorofGettingaJob,abookwhichhasrecentl ycomeonthemarket.Thisbook,asthetitlesuggests,iscrammedfullofusefultipsonhowtose taboutfindingyourselfworkinthesedifficulttimes.Ourreporter,ChristopherShields,d ecidedtolookintothisapparentinabilityoftheBritishtosellthemselves,andhespoketoJ udithDavidsonaboutit.
Judith:Veryoftenajobapplicationoracurriculumvitaewillcontainbasicgrammaticalorc arelessspellingmistakes,evenfromuniversitygraduates.Thenthosethatdogetasfarasan interviewbecomeinarticulateorclumsywhentheytrytotalkaboutthemselves.Itdoesn'tma tterhowhighlyqualifiedorbrilliantyoumaybe,ifyoucomeacrossastongue-tiedandgauche ,yourchancesofgettingajobareprettysmall.
Christopher:JudithDavidsonlecturesatamanagementtrainingcollegeforyoungmenandwom en,mostofwhomhavejustgraduatedfromuniversityandgonetheretotakeacrashcourseinman agementtechniques.Oneofthehardestthingsis,notpassingthecourseexaminationssucces sfully,butactuallyfindingemploymentafterwards,soJudithnowconcentratesonhelpingt raineestosetaboutdoingjustthis.
Judith:Somelettersaredirtyanduntidilywritten,withfingermarksalloverthemandinkbl otsorevencoffeestains.Othersarriveonlinedorfloweredorsometimesscentedpaper— noneofwhichislikelytomakeagoodimpressionontheaveragebusiness-likeboss.
Christopher:Thisapparentinabilityofmanypeopletomakethatinitialimpactwithanemplo yerbysendinghimanapplicationwhichwillstandoutfromtherestandpersuadehimyou'rethe rightoneforthejobpromptedanenterprisingyoungman,calledMarkAshworth,arecruitment consultanthimself,tostartwritingjobapplicationsforotherpeopleforafee,asasidelin

e.HetoldmehegottheideainAmericawhereit'salreadybigbusiness,andinthelastfewmonth salonehe'swrittenover250c.v.s.Hefeelsthat80percentofjobapplicationsreceivedbype rsonnelmanagersareinadequateinsomeway.
Mark:Manypeoplesimplycan'tcopewithgrammarandspellinganddon'tknowwhattoputin,orl eaveout.Sometimespeoplecondensetheirworkexperiencesomuchthatafutureemployerdoes n'tknowenoughaboutthem.Then,ontheotherhand,somepeoplegotoofartheotherway.Togive youanexample,onec.v.Ioncereceivedinmyrecruitingrolewasgettingonforthirtypageslo ng.
Christopher:Markhasaninitialinterviewwithallhisclientsinwhichhetriestomakethemt hinkabouttheirmotivationandwhythey'vedonecertainthingsinthepast.Hecanoftenexplo ittheseexperiencesinthec.v.hewritesforthem,andshowthattheyhavebeenvaluableprepa rationforthejobnowsought.Healsobelievesthatwell-preparedjobhistoryandagoodlette rofapplicationareabsolutelyessential.
Mark:Amongthemostimportantaspectsofapplicationsarespelling,correctgrammar,conte ntandlayout.Anewbosswillprobablyalsobeimpressedwithagoodreferenceoraletterofcom mendationwrittenbyaformeremployer.Thetypeofc.v.Iaimtoproducedependslargelyonthe kindofjobbeingappliedfor.Theydon'talwayshavetobeslickorhighlysophisticated,buti ncertaincasesthisdoeshelp.
Christopher:JudithDavidsonthoughtverymuchalongthesamelinesasMark.Inheropinion,o neofthemostimportantaspectsofjobapplicationswasthattheyshouldbeeasytoread...
Judith:...Manyapplicantssendinlettersandformswhicharevirtuallyunreadable.Theess enceofhandwrittenapplicationisthattheyshouldbeneat,legibleandthespellingshouldb eaccurate.Istresshandwrittenbecausemostemployerswantasampleoftheirfutureemploye e'swriting.Manybelievethisgivessomeindicationofthecharacterofthepersonwhowrotei t.Somepeopleforgetvitalthingslikeputtingtheirownaddressorthedate.Othersfailtodo what'srequiredofthembyajobadvertisement.
Christopher:Judithbelievesthatjobseekersshouldalwayssendanaccompanyingletteralo ngwiththeirapplicationformstatingclearlywhytheirqualificationsmakethemsuitablef orthevacancy.
Judith:Personaldetailshavenoplaceinlettersofapplication.Iwellrememberhearingabo utonesuchletterwhichstated,quitebluntly,Ineedmoremoneytopayformyflat.Nobosswoul dbeimpressedbysuchdirectness.
Christopher:Sheaddedthattheartofapplyingforjobssuccessfullywashavingtobelearntb ymoreandmorepeoplethesedays,withthecurrentunemploymentsituation.Withasmanyastwo orthreehundredpeopleapplyingforonevacancy,abosswouldwanttoseeonlyasmallfraction ofthatnumberinpersonforaninterview,soyourapplicationhadtoreallyoutshinealltheot herstogetyouontheshortlist.

1.(Literature)
Wemaynoteinpassingthat,althoughDrJohnson'sfriendandbiographer,Boswell,wasaScots man,Johnsondespised,orpretendedtodespise,Scotsmeningeneral.Heoncesaidthatthebes tthingaScotsmaneversawwasthehighroadtoEngland.Inhisfamousdictionary,Johnsondefi nedoatsas'agrainwhichinEnglandisgenerallygiventohorses,butinScotlandsupportsthe people'.HedidnotcondemnallScotsmen,however.Oncehecommentedonadistinguishednoble manwhohadbeenborninScotlandbuteducatedinEngland,sayingthatmuchcouldbemadeofaSco tsman—ifhewascaughtyoung.
2.(Geography:AmericanIndians)
ThefirstimportantpointtonoteabouttheAmericanIndiansisthat,inspiteoftheirname,th eyareinnowayrelatedtothepeoplesofIndia.Thisconfusionarose,asyouprobablyknow,bec auseofamistakeonthepartofChristopherColumbus.WhenhelandedinAmericahethoughtthat hehadinfactdiscoveredIndia.Thismistakehasbeenperpetrated,thatiskeptalive,eversi ncebythenamehegavethem.IftheyarerelatedtoanyAsiangroupitistotheMongolsofNorther nAsia.ManyexpertsbelievethattheancestorsofthepresentAmericanIndiansemigratedfro mNorthernAsiaacrosstheBeringStraitbetween10,000and20,000yearsago.
3.(Science:methodsofscientificdiscovery)
Agoodillustrationofhowscientificdiscoveriesmaybemadeaccidentallyisthediscoveryo fpenicillin.AlexanderFlemingwasabacteriologistwhoforfifteenyearshadtriedtosolve theproblemofhowtogetridofthedisease— carryinggermsormicrobesinthehumanbodywithoutcausinganydangerousside-effects.Fle mingwasanuntidyworkerandoftenhadinnumerablesmalldishescontainingmicrobesallarou ndhislaboratory.Oneday,oneofthedisheswascontaminatedwithamould,duetothewindowha vingbeenleftopen.Flemingnoticedthatthemouldhadkilledoffthemicrobes,anditwasfrom similarmouldsthatthemiracledrugpenicillinwasfinallydeveloped.Ofcourse,onlyabril liantscientistlikeFlemingwouldhavebeenabletotakeadvantageofthisstrokeofluck,but thefactremainsthatthesolutiontohisproblemwasgiventohim,literally,onaplate.
4.(Psychology:memory)
WhatIwanttoemphasizetoyouisthis:thatpeoplerememberthingswhichmakesensetothemorw hichtheycanconnectwithsomethingtheyalreadyknow.Studentswhotrytomemorizewhatthey cannotunderstandarealmostcertainlywastingtheirtime.




友情链接: hackchn文档网 营销文档网 爱linux网 爱行业网 时尚网